About the Language
Persian, which is also simply called Farsi or Dari by its native-speakers, is one of the two official languages of Afghanistan (the other being Pashto). In practice though, it serves as the de facto lingua franca among the various ethno-linguistic groups.
It is an Iranian language belonging to the Indo-Iranian branch of the Indo-European family of languages. Persian has approx. 110 million native speakers, holding official status respectively in Iran, Afghanistan and Tajikistan. For centuries Persian has also been a prestigious cultural language in Central Asia, South Asia, and Western Asia.
Persian has had a considerable influence on bordering languages, particularly the Turkic languages in Central Asia, Caucasus, and Anatolia, nearby Iranian languages, as well as Armenian, Arabic and other languages. It has also exerted a strong influence on South Asian languages, especially Urdu, as well as Hindi, Punjabi, Sindhi, Saraiki, Sylheti, Bengali, and Oriya.
The term Farsi often refers to three groups of dialects:
- Farsi is the local name of the language in Iran, and is sometimes used in English instead of the word Persian when referring to the language;
- Dari is a Persian dialect and one of the two official languages of Afghanistan;
- Tajik is a group of dialects spoken in Central Asia.
The origin of Dari comes from Persian (Farsi), it is called middle Persian which was spoken during the rule of the Sassanid dynasty. At that time Afghanistan was under the rule of the Persian empire, therefore, adopting the language at that time.